Yoga Poses

Yoga Exercises > Yoga Breathing - Pranayamas

Pranayama is an aspect of Yoga that deals with breathing. It is the breathing process or the control of the motion of inhalation, exhalation and the retention of vital energy. Proper breathing is to bring more oxygen to the blood and to the brain, and to control Prana or the vital life energy.


"Agni" connotes 'fire' in Sanskrit. In this pranayama the internal fire is stirred up, thus increasing the body heat.

Anuloma Viloma - Alternate Nostril Breathing

In this pranayama, you breathe in and out through alternate nostrils. Hence the name.

Bhramari Breathing

"Bhramar" means 'bee' in Sanskrit. In this pranayama a humming sound is produced while breathing just like a bee.


Bhastrika Pranayama - Bellow Breathing

"Bhastrika" refers to 'bellows' in Sanskrit. Air is drawn in and out of the abdomen just as a blacksmith uses his bellows.

Dirgha Pranayama - Complete Breath

"Dirgha" connotes 'long' in Sanskrit. This pranayama involves a long and deep breath which fills all the three chambers of the lungs.

Kapal Bhati

"Kapal" means 'skull' and "bhati" means 'shine' in Sanskrit. This pranayama cleanses the respiratory system, particularly the nasal passages in the skull.

Moorcha Pranayama

In Sanskrit, "Moorcha" means 'fainting' or 'swooning'. This pranayama involves slow inhalation and retention of air for a long period.


Sheetali Breathing

"Sheetal" means 'cool' in Sanskrit. This pranayama has a cool effect on the body by lowering the body temperature.

Sheetkari Breathing

Sheetkari breathing has a cooling effect on your body.

Surya Bheda

In this pranayama, inhalation is done only through the right nostril.

Ujjayi Breathing

The word "Ujjayi" means 'victorious' in Sanskrit.

Explore the three important  yoga bandhas.
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